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Condition Scale/Grade
Also referred to as a "condition rating/grading".

A method for ranking the relative condition of each asset.


Three types of condition


Generic Physical Condition Schemes (Roll-up)
 
A. National (US and CA)
The following table provides an outline of the 5-point condition grades developed by CIRC (Canadian Infrastructure Report Card) to express degrees of physical condition.
IDGradeDescription - CIRC
1Very GoodaThe infrastructure in the system or network is typically new or recently rehabilitated. 
bA few elements show general signs of deterioration that require attention.
2GoodaThe infrastructure in the system or network has some elements that show general signs of deterioration that require attention. 
bA few elements exhibit significant deficiencies.
3FairaThe infrastructure in the system or network shows general signs of deterioration and requires attention. 
bSome elements exhibit significant deficiencies.
4PooraThe infrastructure in the system or network is mostly below standard, with many elements approaching the end of their service life. 
bA large portion of the system exhibits significant deterioration.
5Very
Poor
aThe infrastructure in the system or network is in unacceptable condition with widespread signs of advanced deterioration. 
bMany components in the system exhibit signs of imminent failure, which is affecting service.

The following table provides an ouitline of the condition grades developed by ASCE - American Society of Civil Engineers.
IDGradeDescription - ASCE
1Very GoodaFit for Purpose (A)
bThe infrastructure in the system or network is generally in excellent condition, typically new or recently rehabilitated, and meets capacity needs for the future. A few elements show signs of general deterioration that require attention. Facilities meet modern standards for functionality and are resilient to withstand most disasters and severe weather events.
2GoodaGood, Adequate for Now (B)
bThe infrastructure in the system or network is in good to excellent condition; some elements show signs of general deterioration that require attention. A few elements exhibit significant deficiencies. Safe and reliable, with minimal capacity issues and minimal risk.
3FairMediocre, Requires Attention (C)
The infrastructure in the system or network is in fair to good condition; it shows general signs of deterioration and requires attention. Some elements exhibit significant deficiencies in conditions and functionality, with increasing vulnerability to risk.
4PoorPoor, At Risk (D)
The infrastructure is in poor to fair condition and mostly below standard, with many elements approaching the end of their service life. A large portion of the system exhibits significant deterioration. Condition and capacity are of serious concern with strong risk of failure.
5Very
Poor
Failing/Critical, Unfit for Purpose (E)
The infrastructure in the system is in unacceptable condition with widespread advanced signs of deterioration. Many of the components of the system exhibit signs of imminent failure.


Scale #2 - 5-Tiered
  • Excellent.  Only normal scheduled maintenance is required
  • Good.   Some minor repairs needed; functions okay
  • Fair.   More minor repairs required; mostly functional
  • Poor.  Significant repairs required; system not fully    functional for building use; does not meet all codes
  • Critical/Bad (Very Poor). Major repair or replacement required to restore function; system unsafe
  • Absent.  A system that does not exist in a facility



Generic Demand Condition Scheme

The following table provides a summary of the 5-point scale to express degrees of demand condition.

IDGradeDescription -
Demand Condition
1Very GoodaDemand corresponds well with actual capacity and no operational problems experienced.
bThe infrastructure meets the organization’s needs. No desirable elements are missing, and all required elements are present.
cMeets current and future capacity needs within planning horizon
dThere is no impact to service levels provided.
2GoodaDemand is within actual capacity and occasional operational problems experienced.
bThe infrastructure generally meets the orgnization’s needs. A few desirable elements may be missing, but all required elements are present. 
cn/a
dThere is little or no impact to service levels provided.
3FairaDemand is approaching actual capacity and/or operational problems occur frequently.
The infrastructure generally meets the Organization’s needs.
bA few desirable elements and one or two required elements are missing. 
cMeets current capacity needs but not future without modifications
dThere may be minor impacts to service levels provided.
4PooraDemand exceeds actual capacity and/or significant operational problems are evident.
The infrastructure may or may not meet the organization’s needs.
bSeveral desirable elements and one or two required elements are missing. 
cSome capacity issues evident e.g. operating at >80% rated
capacity
dThere are minor impacts to service levels provided, and may impact stakeholders.
5Very
Poor
aDemand exceeds actual capacity and/or operational problems are serious and ongoing.
bThe infrastructure does not meet the organization’s needs. Most desirable and several required elements are missing. 
cDoes not meet Current capacity Requirements e.g. operating at >90% rated capacity
dThere are obvious impacts to service levels provided, and may impact stakeholders.

The following table provides a summary of the functional condition bands.
IDGradeDescription -
Functional condition
1Very GoodaThe infrastructure in the system or network meets all program/service delivery needs in a fully efficient and effective manner.
bBest available technology
cResource consumption: 100% of baseline efficiency
2GoodaThe infrastructure in the system or network meets program/service delivery needs in an acceptable manner.
bIndustry Standard technology
cResource consumption: 91 to 100% or baseline efficiency
3FairaThe infrastructure in the system or network meets program/service delivery needs with some inefficiencies and ineffectiveness present.
bTechnology considered appropriate
cResource consumption: 76 to 90% of baseline efficiency
4PooraThe infrastructure in the system or network has a limited ability to meet program/service delivery needs.
bTechnology nearing obsolescence (no vendor support or OEM parts available)
cResource consumption: 51 to 75% of baseline efficiency
5Very
Poor
aThe infrastructure in the system or network is seriously deficient and does not meet program/service delivery needs and is neither efficient nor effective.
bTechnology obsolete (replacement parts unavailable)
cResource consumption: Less than 50% of baseline efficiency

The following table provides
a 5-point scale for expressing customer satisfaction relative to asset condition.
IDGradeDescription:
Customer Satisfaction
1Very GoodaNo customer concerns or complaints
bLikert scale: Very satisfied
2GoodaFew customer complaints
bLikert scale: Fairly satisfied
3FairaPeriodic customer complaints.
Customer is inconvenienced
bLikert scale: Neutral
4PooraRegular customer complaints
bLikert scale: Somewhat satisfied
5Very
Poor
aUnsuitable for customer
bLikert scale: Not satisfied



Asset-Specific Schemes

The following table provides a summary of the diffferent physical condition grades and standards for a variety of asset classes.
Asset classCondition  Grading StandardsAuthoritiesScore Range
RoadsPavement Condition Index (PCI)ASTM D64323 ASTM D5430PCI 100-0
BridgesBridge Inspection Manual (BIM)Public Works and Government Services CanadaBIM 1-6
FacilityFCI
EFCI
FNI
NACUBO, 1990
APPA, 1990
FCI 0-100%
SewersPACP, LACP, MACPNASSCO1-5
ParksStar Rating



A.  Roads
The following table provides an example of a condition grading scheme for roads.
IDGradeDescription
1Very GoodaPCI 100-80
bNew construction. Recent overlay like new.
No longitudinal cracks except minor reflection of paving joints.
Occasional transverse cracks, widely spaced (40’ or greater). All cracks sealed or tight (open less than 1⁄4”)
cAction: little or no maintenance required. Crack sealing
2GoodaPCI 66-79
bVery slight or no raveling, surface shows some traffic wear
Longitudinal cracks (open 1⁄4”) due to reflection or paving joints. Transverse cracks (open 1⁄4”) spaced 10’ or more apart, little or slight crack raveling.
No patching or very few patches in excellent condition.
cAction: routine maintenance, cracksealing and minor patching.
3FairaPCI 55-66
bSlight raveling (loss of fines) and traffic wear. Longitudinal cracks (open 1⁄4”– 1⁄2”).
Transverse cracks (open 1⁄4”– 1⁄2”), some spaced less than 10’. First sign of block cracking. Sight to moderate flushing or polishing. Occasional patching in good condition.
cAction: surface repairs, partial depth patching; Preservative treatments (sealcoating)
4PooraPCI 35- 54
bSlight raveling (loss of fines) and traffic wear. Longitudinal cracks (open 1⁄4”– 1⁄2”).
Transverse cracks (open 1⁄4”– 1⁄2”), some spaced less than 10’. First sign of block cracking. Sight to moderate flushing or polishing. Occasional patching in good condition.
cAction: Extensive slab or joint rehabilitation. Structural improvement and levelling (overlay or recycling)
5Very PooraPCI 0-34
bSevere surface raveling. Multiple longitudinal and transverse cracking
with slight raveling. Longitudinal cracking in wheel path. Block
cracking (over 50% of surface). Patching in fair condition.
Slight rutting or distortions (1⁄2” deep or less). Closely spaced longitudinal and transverse cracks often showing
raveling and crack erosion. Severe block cracking. Some alligator
cracking (less than 25% of surface). Patches in fair to poor condition.
Moderate rutting or distortion (greater than 1⁄2” but less than 2"
deep). Occasional potholes. Alligator cracking (over 25% of surface).
Severe rutting or distortions (2” or more deep).
Extensive patching in poor condition.
Potholes.  Severe distress with extensive loss of surface integrity.
cAction: reconstruction


B.  Bridges

The following table provides an example of a condition grading scheme for bridges (and structures).
IDGradeDescription - BIM
1Very
good
aBIM 6
bSound structure
c
2GoodaBIM 5
bFunctionally sound structure.
cMinor maintenance required (10%)
3FairaBIM 4
bAdequate structure, some evidence of foundation movement, minor cracking.
cSignificant maintenance required (10-30%)
4PooraBIM 3
bStructure functioning but with problem due to foundation movement. Some significant cracking
cSignificant renewal/upgrade required (30-50%)
5Very
Poor
aBIM 2 or 1
bStructure has some serious problems and concern is held for the integrity of the structure.
cAsset requires replacement (50%+)


C.  Facilities
The following table provides an example of a condition grading scheme for facilities using the Facility Condition Index (FCI).
IDGradeDescription
1ExcellentMaintenance backlog is 1-2% of CRN
2GoodMaintenance backlog is 3-5% of CRN
3FairMaintenance backlog is 6-10% of CRN
4PoorMaintenance backlog is 11-49% of CRN
5Very PoorMaintenance backlog is 50%+ pf CRN


The following table provide another version of a  table for facilities.
IDGradeDescription
1Very GoodFCI 1-2%
Showpiece facility
Orderly spotlessness
All Components operate and well maintained. Sound of function and appearance. Clean. True to Line. No evidence of deterioration or disclouratrion.
Customer: no concerns
2GoodFCI 3-5%
All Components operate. Operational and functional, minor wear and tear. Increased maintenance inspection required. and well maintained. Sound of function. Showing minor wear and tear and minor deterioration of surfaces.
Customer: deterioration causes minimal influnce on occupational uses
3FairFCI 6-10%
Appearance affected by minor cracking, staining or minor leakage. Minor damage to coatings. Some dampness/ mildew. Minor damage to wall/ ceiling finishes. Minor breakdowns. Regular programmed maintenance inspections essential.
Customer: minor restrictions on operationonal use during minor repairs
Customer
4PoorFCI 11-49%
Fabric damaged. Weakened or displaced. Appearance affected by cracking, staining or breakdowns. Finishes of poor quality and appearance often damaged.
Customer: regular complaints
5Very
Poor
FCI 50%+
Fabric/ Finishes badly damaged. Weakened or displaced. Appearance affected by cracking, staining or breakdowns. Finishes badly damaged, marked. Plumbing, Electrical, Mechanical components inoperable or unsafe or safety issues that cannot be mitigated.
Customer: not suitable for use by customer


D.  Sewers
The following table provides an example of a condition grading scheme for sewers.
IDGradePACP
structural
PACP
O&M
1Very
Good
Acceptable structural conditionMinor defects
2 GoodMinimal collapse likelihood in short term but potential for further deteriorationDefects that have not begun to deteriorate
3 FairCollapse unlikely in near future but further deterioration likelyModerate defects that continue to deteriorate
4 PoorCollapse likely in foreseeable futureSevere/ significant defects that become a 5 in the near future
5 Very
Poor
Collapsed or collapse imminentDefects requiring immediate attention


E. Sports Fields
The following table provides an example of a condition grading scheme for sports fields.
IDGradeDescription
1Very
good
Well maintained sports field meeting standard requirements, visible signs of physical treatment and no signs of usage, good drainage not limiting usage.
No work required.
Customer: no concern
2GoodSports field showing slight signs of defects and deterioration, 70% of field shows visible signs of physical treatment and limited signs of usage with limited drainage problems infrequently affecting use. Deterioration has no significant impact on the field’s appearance, user comfort or safety. 
No work required.
3FairSports field generally sound but showing minor defects with 50% of field showing visible signs of physical treatment, minor signs of usage and water ponding temporarilyModerate to severe raveling (loss of fine and coarse aggregate). Longitudinal and transverse cracks (open 1⁄ 2” or more) show first signs of slight raveling and secondary cracks. First signs of longitudinal cracks near pavement edge. Block cracking up to 50% of surface. Extensive to severe flushing or polishing. Some patching or edge wedging in good condition. but frequently. Some deterioration beginning to affect the field’s appearance, user comfort or safety. 
Some work required.
4PoorSports field has significant defects, with 40% of field showing visible signs of physical treatment, significant signs of usage and poor drainage limiting use for extended periods. Defects likely to cause a marked deterioration in the field’s appearance, user comfort or safety. 
Some renovation needed within 1 year.
5Very
Poor
Sports field has serious defects, with no visible signs of physical treatment, obvious signs of usage and water ponding over > 30% of surface which precludes use. Defects resulting in unacceptable appearance, user comfort and safety. 
Urgent renovation and/or upgrading required.

E. Fleet
The following table provides an example of a condition grading scheme for fleet.
IDGradeDescription - NAAA
1Very GoodGrade 5
The vehicle is in excellent condition, with only minor defects in panel surfaces which do not require conventional body or paint work. Limited high quality repairs may have been performed. There are no missing, broken, or damaged parts and no visible glass damage. The vehicle’s frame/structure has not been repaired or altered and is expected to measure to published specifications. The interior has no cuts, tears, or burns, does not show signs of wear and has no noticeable offensive odor. The vehicle is mechanically sound and all accessories are operable. All fluids are full and clean. Tires match by brand, size and style, and are in near new condition
2GoodGrade 4
 The vehicle is better than average with only minor chips or scratches in panel surfaces which may require minor conventional body and paint work or paintless dent repair. The vehicle may have sustained cosmetic or light
collision damage and received high quality repairs. The vehicle’s frame/structure has not been repaired or altered, and is
expected to measure to published specifications. A minor missing or broken part may require replacement. The interior is clean, shows minimal wear and has no noticeable offensive odors. There is no visible glass damage beyond minor pitting
of the windshield. The vehicle is mechanically sound and all accessories are operable. Fluids may require service. Tires match by brand, size and style and are in good condition
3FairGrade 3
The vehicle has normal wear and tear (for example, parking lot dings, small scratches, chips and/or minor
broken parts). It may require minor conventional body and paint work or replacement of parts. The vehicle may have sustained cosmetic or light collision damage and been repaired to collision industry standards, but its frame/structure has not been repaired or altered and is expected to measure to published specifications. The interior shows signs of normal wear and usage, requiring repair or replacement of parts. The windshield may be damaged. The vehicle is mechanically
sound but may require maintenance or minor repair of accessories. The fluids may be low or require replacement. Tires
match in size and style and be average or better.
4PoorGrade 2
The vehicle shows signs of excessive wear and tear. The body may have dents, scratches, and body panels
that require replacement. Parts may be broken and missing. The interior may show signs of excess wear with burns, cuts or tears, and non-removable stains. The vehicle may have multiple prior repairs performed at substandard levels or
unrepaired collision damage. The frame/structure may be damaged, repaired or altered and may not measure to
published specifications. The vehicle may have mechanical defects that prohibit it from operating properly. Repairs can
be made, but the engine and/or transmission may be in poor condition. Operability of accessories is questionable. Tires may be worn or mismatched
5Very
Poor
Grade 1
The vehicle shows signs of severe abuse or may have sustained major collision damage. It may be cost prohibitive to extensively recondition this vehicle by automotive industry standards. The frame/structure may be damaged, repaired or altered and may not measure to published specifications. The vehicle may have missing or disconnected mechanical parts. Although operable, the vehicle is near the end of its useful life. Operability of accessories is doubtful.





Distress-Metric Condition


Oil analysis
IDGradeDescription
1ExcellentRated: "No action required"
2GoodRated: "keep monitoring"
3Fairnot used
4PoorRated: "action required"
5Very PoorRated: "urgent action required"




Admin/Ops Condition






Management of Condition Grades

Management of condition grades includes the following procedures:
  • Alignment of condition grade bands
  • Collection of condition data
  • Aggregation of results by class
  • Reporting
A. Alignment of Bands within the Grades
The following table provides an example of how the condition grades for different assets can be aligned into a single, consistent matrix.
Base RankingGradeRoads
with PCI
Buildings
with FCI
Water with PCAP
1Very Good100-80
crack sealing
0-2%
2Good66-79 microsurfacing3-5%
3Fair55-66
resurface 1 lift
6-10%
4Poor35-54
resurface 2 lift
11-40
5Very
Poor
0-34 reconstruction41-100%

See master table below.

The following table provides an illustration of a portfolio of different kinds of assets being captured under a consistent grading framework that translates all scores to a common corporate/enterprise grading standard.
AssetsPhysical condition scoreDate of
ssessment
Grading StandardFinal translation score
Building #162.7% FCI2016FCI2.1 (good)
Road segment #328492 PCI2015PCI0.7 (very good)
Sewer pipe segment #22931995PACP3.3 (Fair)
Bridge $312012BIM0.9 (Very good)
Park #362005Star3.2 (Fair)
IT server #2320162.4 (good)


B.  Aggregation of Physical Condition Grades

The following table illustrates how multilple assets withiin the same service area may exhibit different condition grades, which will need to be rolled-up to provide an average grade for the class.
Assets within a serviceGrade
1
Grade
2
Grade
3
Grade
4
Grade
5
Asset #11x
Asset #206x
Asset #31x
Asset #432x
Asset #55x
Asset #672x
Total03120
Percent04/61/61/60


C Incorporation Demand Condition & Functional Condition
The following table expands beyond physical condition to provide a more comprehensive consideration of demand condition and functional condition.
AssetsPhysical condition scoreDemand Condition ScoreFunctional Condition ScoreFinal Score
Translation
1231+2+3
Building #162.1
(good)
311
Road segment #32840.7
(very good)
312
Sewer pipe segment #2293.3
(Fair)
313
Bridge $30.9 (very tood)222
Park #363.2 (Fair223
IT server #22.4 (good)153



C. Reporting of Condition
The following table illustrates the average condition grade of all the assets within each asset class. This information can then be used to derive an overall portfolio conditon grade for the enterprise.
Asset ClassesGrade
1
Grade
2
Grade
3
Grade
4
Grade
5
Roadsx
Transitx
Potable Waterx
Stormwaterx
Liquid Wastex
Solid Wastex
Facilitiesx
Parksx
Total14120
Percent1/84/81/81/20
In the preceding table, five of the eight asset classes are in "good" condition (Grade) 2.



Evaluation of Condition Grades 

Condition grading schemes are not sufficient on their own and should be supplemented with:
  • Engineering judgement
  • Remaining useful life (RUL)
  • CoF and PoF
A condition scale provides a means of indexing the assets in a Facility Condition Assessment (FCA).
Example of a facility in poor condition established by the facility condition index and extended facility condition index
Fig. Two key performance indicators confirming that a facility is in relatively "poor" condition.


example of the progression of deterioration from "P" to "F" along the P-F curve
Fig. An example of the progression of deterioration from potential failure ("P") to functional failure ("F") along the P-F interval.

See also:


Asset
Class
Standard(s)1
Very Good
2
Good
3
Fair
4
Poor
5
Very Poor
GeneralCIRC, 2016
Canadian Infrastructure Report Card
aThe infrastructure in the system or network is generally in very good condition, typically new or recently rehabilitated. The infrastructure in the system or network is in good condition; some elements show general signs of deterioration that require attention. The infrastructure in the system or network is in fair condition; it shows general signs of deterioration and requires attention. The infrastructure in the system or network is in poor condition and mostly below standard, with many elements approaching the end of their service life. The infrastructure in the system or network is in unacceptable condition with widespread signs of advanced deterioration. 
bA few elements show general signs of deterioration that require attention.A few elements exhibit significant deficiencies.Some elements exhibit significant deficiencies.A large portion of the system exhibits significant deterioration.Many components in the system exhibit signs of imminent failure, which is affecting service.
ASCE, 2017
US Infrastructure Report Card
aFit for Purpose (A)
Adequate for Now (B)
Mediocre.Requires Attention (C)
Poor, at Risk (D)
Failing/critical, unfit for purpose (E)
bThe infrastructure in the system or network is generally in excellent condition, typically new or recently rehabilitated, and meets capacity needs for the future. A few elements show signs of general deterioration that require attention. Facilities meet modern standards for functionality and are resilient to withstand most disasters and severe weather events.The infrastructure in the system or network is in good to excellent condition; some elements show signs of general deterioration that require attention. A few elements exhibit significant deficiencies. Safe and reliable, with minimal capacity issues and minimal risk.The infrastructure in the system or network is in fair to good condition; it shows general signs of deterioration and requires attention. Some elements exhibit significant deficiencies in conditions and functionality, with increasing vulnerability to risk.The infrastructure is in poor to fair condition and mostly below standard, with many elements approaching the end of their service life. A large portion of the system exhibits significant deterioration. Condition and capacity are of serious concern with strong risk of failure.The infrastructure in the system is in unacceptable condition with widespread advanced signs of deterioration. Many of the components of the system exhibit signs of imminent failure.
IPWEA, IIMM
Start rating5 star4 start3 star2 star
Asset is in Poor condition with significant/major deterioration evident or significant/major performance issues
1 star
Asset is in Very Poor condition and is unsafe and/or not operable
MaintenanceMinimal reactive maintenance costs (e.g. <25% of replacement costs in previous 24 months)Moderate reactive maintenance costs (e.g. 25% of replacement costs in previous 12 months)Significant Reactive maintenance costs (e.g. 25% to 50% of Replacement costs in previous 12 months)Substantial reactive maintenance costs (e.g. >50% of replacement costs in previous 24 monthsExcessive reactive maintenance costs (e.g. >50% of replacement costs in previous 12 months)
Demand
Condition
aDemand corresponds well with actual capacity and no operational problems experienced.


Demand is within actual capacity and occasional operational problems experienced.
Demand is approaching actual capacity and/or operational problems occur frequently.
The infrastructure generally meets the Organization’s needs.
Demand exceeds actual capacity and/or significant operational problems are evident.
The infrastructure may or may not meet the organization’s needs.
Demand exceeds actual capacity and/or operational problems are serious and ongoing.
bMeets current and future capacity needs within planning horizonn/aMeets current capacity needs but not future without
modifications
Some capacity issues evident e.g. operating at >80% rated
capacity
Does not meet Current capacity Requirements e.g. operating at >90% rated capacity
cThe infrastructure meets the organization’sneeds. No desirable elements are missing, and all required elements are present.The infrastructure generally meets the organization’s needs. A few desirable elements may be missing, but all required elements are present. A few desirable elements and one or two required elements are missing. Several desirable elements and one or two required elements are missing. The infrastructure does not meet the organization’s needs. Most desirable and several required elements are missing. 
dThere is no impact to service levels provides There is little or no impact to service levels provided.There may be minor impacts to service levels provided.There are minor impacts to service levels provided, and may impact stakeholders.There are obvious impacts to service levels provided, and may impact stakeholders.
Functional ConditionaThe infrastructure in the system or network meets all program/service delivery needs in a fully efficient and effective manner.The infrastructure in the system or network meets program/service delivery needs in an acceptable manner.The infrastructure in the system or network meets program/service delivery needs with some inefficiencies and ineffectiveness present.The infrastructure in the system or network has a limited ability to meet program/service delivery needs.The infrastructure in the system or network is seriously deficient and does not meet program/service delivery needs and is neither efficient nor effective.
bObsolescence: Best available technologyIndustry Standard technologyTechnology considered appropriate
Technology nearing obsolescence (no vendor support or OEM parts available)Technology obsolete (replacement parts unavailable)
cResource consumption: 100% of baseline efficiencyResource consumption: 91 to 100% or baseline efficiencyResource consumption: 76 to 90% of baseline efficiencyResource consumption: 51 to 75% of baseline efficiencyResource consumption: Less than 50% of baseline efficiency
Customer
(Generic)
aNo customer concerns.Few customer concernsPeriodic customer complaints
Some deteriorations maybe reflected in minor restrictions on operational uses during minor repairs.
Regular customer complaints/concernsNot suitable for use by customer
bLikert scale:
Very satisfied
Likert scale:
Fairly satisfied
Likert scale:
Neutral
Likert scale:
Somewhat unsatisfied
Likert scale:
Very Unsatisified
Action
(Generic)
--Regular maintenance of asset

Only normal scheduled maintenance is required
Regular maintenance/ repair or asset

Inspect, repair assetInspect, repair, replace assetReplace asset
Asset Class Sores
RoadsPavement condition index (PC)
ASTM  D6433
ASTM D5340
Surface Distress Index (SDI)
Riding Comfort Index (RCI)
a100-80
Crack sealing
66-79
Microsurfacing
55-66
Resurface 1 lift
35-54
Resurface 2 lift

0-34
Reconstruction
bNew construction. Recent overlay like new.
No longitudinal cracks except minor reflection of paving joints.
Occasional transverse cracks, widely spaced (40’ or greater). All cracks sealed or tight (open less than 1⁄4”)
Very slight or no raveling, surface shows some traffic wear
Longitudinal cracks (open 1⁄4”) due to reflection or paving joints. Transverse cracks (open 1⁄4”) spaced 10’ or more apart, little or slight crack raveling.
No patching or very few patches in excellent condition
Slight raveling (loss of fines) and traffic wear. Longitudinal cracks (open 1⁄4”– 1⁄2”).
Transverse cracks (open 1⁄4”– 1⁄2”), some spaced less than 10’. First sign of block cracking. Sight to moderate flushing or polishing. Occasional patching in good condition.
Moderate to severe raveling (loss of fine and coarse aggregate). Longitudinal and transverse cracks (open 1⁄ 2” or more) show first signs of slight raveling and secondary cracks. First signs of longitudinal cracks near pavement edge. Block cracking up to 50% of surface. Extensive to severe flushing or polishing. Some patching or edge wedging in good condition.Severe surface raveling. Multiple longitudinal and transverse cracking
with slight raveling. Longitudinal cracking in wheel path. Block
cracking (over 50% of surface). Patching in fair condition. Slight rutting or distortions (1⁄2” deep or less). Closely spaced longitudinal and transverse cracks often showing raveling and crack erosion. Severe block cracking. Some alligator
cracking (less than 25% of surface). Patches in fair to poor condition.
Moderate rutting or distortion (greater than 1⁄2” but less than 2"
deep). Occasional potholes. Alligator cracking (over 25% of surface).
Severe rutting or distortions (2” or more deep). Extensive patching in poor condition.Potholes.  Severe distress with extensive loss of surface integrity.
cAction: little or no maintenance required.Action: routine maintenance, cracksealing and minor patching.Action: surface repairs, partial depth patching; Preservative treatments (sealcoating)Action: Extensive slab or joint rehabilitation. Structural improvement and levelling (overlay or recycling)Action: reconstruction
BridgesBridge Inspection Manual (BIM)aBIM 6
BIM 5
BIM 4
BIM 3
BIM 2 or 1
bSound structureFunctionally sound structure. Adequate structure, some evidence of foundation movement, minor cracking.Structure functioning but with problem due to foundation movement. Some significant cracking. Structure has some serious problems and concern is held for the integrity of the structure.
cRegular maintenance of assetMinor maintenance required (10%)
Significant maintenance required (10-30%)Significant renewal/upgrade required (30-50%)Asset requires replacement (50%+)
Ride Comfort Index (RCI)
FaclitiesNACUBO, FCI, 1990--Maintenance backlog is 0-2% of CRNMaintenance backlog is 3-5% of CRNMaintenance backlog is 6-10% of CRNMaintenance backlog is 11-40% of CRNMaintenance backlog is 41%+ of CRN

APPA, operating standard
aShowpiece Facility
Orderly Spotlessness
Comprehensive Stewardship
Moderate Dinginess
Managed Care
Casual Inattention
Reactive Management
Ordinary Tidiness
 
Crisis Response
Unkempt Neglect
bMaintenane mix: All recommended preventative maintenance work is scheduled and performed on time. Reactive maintenance (e.g., spot re-lamping and adjusting door closers) is minimized to the unavoidable or economical. Emergencies (e.g., storms or power outages) are very infrequent and handled efficiently.
c
dAll Components operate and well maintained. Sound of function and appearance. Clean. True to Line. No evidence of deterioration or disclouratrion.All Components operate. Operational and functional, minor wear and tear. Increased maintenance inspection required. and well maintained. Sound of function. Showing minor wear and tear and minor deterioration of surfaces.Appearance affected by minor cracking, staining or minor leakage. Minor damage to coatings. Some dampness/ mildew. Minor damage to wall/ ceiling finishes. Minor breakdowns. Regular programmed maintenance inspections essential.Fabric damaged. Weakened or displaced. Appearance affected by cracking, staining or breakdowns. Finishes of poor quality and appearance often damaged.Fabric/ Finishes badly damaged. Weakened or displaced. Appearance affected by cracking, staining or breakdowns. Finishes badly damaged, marked. Plumbing, Electrical, Mechanical components inoperable or unsafe or safety issues that cannot be mitigated.
Building interiorAll Components operate and well maintained. Sound of function and appearance. Clean. True to Line. No evidence of Deterioration or discolouration.All components operate. Operational and functional, minor wear and tear. Increased maintenance inspection required. Sound of function. Showing minor wear and tear and minor deterioration of surfaces.Appearance affected by minor cracking, staining or minor leakage. Minor damage to coatings. Some dampness/ mildew. Minor damage to wall/ ceiling finishes. Minor breakdowns. Regular programmed maintenance inspections essential.Fabric damaged. Weakened or displaced. Appearance affected by cracking, staining or breakdowns. Finishes of poor quality and appearance often damaged.Fabric/ Finishes badly damaged. Weakened or displaced. Appearance affected by cracking, staining or breakdowns. Finishes badly damaged, marked. Plumbing, Electrical, Mechanical components inoperable or unsafe or safety issues that cannot be mitigated.)
Liquid WastePACP structuralAcceptable structural conditionMinimal collapse likelihood in short term but potential for further deteriorationCollapse unlikely in near future but further deterioration likelyCollapse likely in foreseeable futureCollapsed or collapse imminent
PACP - O&M
LACP
MACP
Parks5 Star Rating5 stars
4 stars
3 stars
2 stars
1 star
Sports fieldsaWell maintained sports field meeting standard requirements, visible signs of physical treatment and no signs of usage, good drainage not limiting usage.




Sports field showing slight signs of defects and deterioration, 70% of field shows visible signs of physical treatment and limited signs of usage with limited drainage problems infrequently affecting use. Deterioration has no significant impact on the field’s appearance, user comfort or safety.
Sports field generally sound but showing minor defects with 50% of field showing visible signs of physical treatment, minor signs of usage and water ponding temporarily but frequently. Some deterioration beginning to affect the field’s appearance, user comfort or safety.Sports field has significant defects, with 40% of field showing visible signs of physical treatment, significant signs of usage and poor drainage limiting use for extended periods. Defects likely to cause a marked deterioration in the field’s appearance, user comfort or safety. Sports field has serious defects, with no visible signs of physical treatment, obvious signs of usage and water ponding over > 30% of surface which precludes use. Defects resulting in unacceptable appearance, user comfort and safety.


bNo work required.No work required.Some work required.Some renovation needed within 1 year.Urgent renovation and/or upgrading required.
cCustomer: no concern
FleetNAAA grades 1-5
MAP 21
5
The vehicle is in excellent condition, with only minor defects in panel surfaces which do not require
conventional body or paint work. Limited high quality repairs may have been performed. There are no missing, broken,
or damaged parts and no visible glass damage. The vehicle’s frame/structure has not been repaired or altered and is
expected to measure to published specifications. The interior has no cuts, tears, or burns, does not show signs of wear
and has no noticeable offensive odor. The vehicle is mechanically sound and all accessories are operable. All fluids are
full and clean. Tires match by brand, size and style, and are in near new condition.
4
The vehicle is better than average with only minor chips or scratches in panel surfaces which may require
minor conventional body and paint work or paintless dent repair. The vehicle may have sustained cosmetic or light
collision damage and received high quality repairs. The vehicle’s frame/structure has not been repaired or altered, and is
expected to measure to published specifications. A minor missing or broken part may require replacement. The interior is
clean, shows minimal wear and has no noticeable offensive odors. There is no visible glass damage beyond minor pitting
of the windshield. The vehicle is mechanically sound and all accessories are operable. Fluids may require service. Tires
match by brand, size and style and are in good condition.
3
The vehicle has normal wear and tear (for example, parking lot dings, small scratches, chips and/or minor
broken parts). It may require minor conventional body and paint work or replacement of parts. The vehicle may have
sustained cosmetic or light collision damage and been repaired to collision industry standards, but its frame/structure has
not been repaired or altered and is expected to measure to published specifications. The interior shows signs of normal
wear and usage, requiring repair or replacement of parts. The windshield may be damaged. The vehicle is mechanically
sound but may require maintenance or minor repair of accessories. The fluids may be low or require replacement. Tires
match in size and style and be average or better.
2
The vehicle shows signs of excessive wear and tear. The body may have dents, scratches, and body panels
that require replacement. Parts may be broken and missing. The interior may show signs of excess wear with burns, cuts
or tears, and non-removable stains. The vehicle may have multiple prior repairs performed at substandard levels or
unrepaired collision damage. The frame/structure may be damaged, repaired or altered and may not measure to
published specifications. The vehicle may have mechanical defects that prohibit it from operating properly. Repairs can
be made, but the engine and/or transmission may be in poor condition. Operability of accessories is questionable. Tires
may be worn or mismatched.
1
 The vehicle shows signs of severe abuse or may have sustained major collision damage. It may be cost
prohibitive to extensively recondition this vehicle by automotive industry standards. The frame/structure may be
damaged, repaired or altered and may not measure to published specifications. The vehicle may have missing or
disconnected mechanical parts. Although operable, the vehicle is near the end of its useful life. Operability of
accessories is doubtful.
Distress-Indicator Scores
Corrosion<5%20%40%60>80%
Thermography
VibrationRated: "ok"Rated: "ok with notes"Rated: "early warning"Rated: "alert"Rated: "danger"
Oil AnalysisRated: "No action required"Rated: "keep monitoring"(not used)Rated: "action required"Rated: "Urgent action required"
Admin/Operations Scores
Spare partsSpare parts are available in storeitem needs to be ordereditem is customized and needs to be manufacturedItem to be ordered from overseasItem has never been ordered before
Vendor support24/7 supportBy end of the dayNeeds 2-3 days to respondLate - more than 3 daysVendor does not provide support or response is inadequate
Drawings/ manualsManuals/drawings filed and easily accessible in office and fieldManuals / drawings easily accessible but not in fieldManuals/ drawings are incompleteManuals/ drawing are not updatedNo drawings and manuals

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