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Back-End Loading
The term has two general uses pertaining to skewness:
  1. Professional fees that lower during the initial stages of service, such as investigation and design but higher during the project execution stage.
  2. Heavier costs ("lumps") / asymmetry in the strategic planning. window with fewer costs in the tactical planning window.
Back-end loading can manifest itself in various ways, including:
  • A tactical plan with positive skewness.
  • A strategic plan with positive skewness.
  • A funding model with positive skewness in terms of special assessments.

Attributes
Back-end loading is characterized by the following:
The following building classes are generally faced with back-end loaded scenarios:

Management Principles
Back-end loading presents the owners with the following challenges and opportunities:
  • The owners have time to pursue linear, amortized funding strategies.
  • The owners can leverage the compounding effect of interest income generated on the reserve fund and use that to help finance future projects.
  • The owners may be trapped in short-sighted thinking and neglect the long-range needs.
A back-end loaded tactical plan will eventually become front end loaded as the projects approach over the years (see shifting horizon).

A problem of longsightedness is addressed through mixed scanning and the urgency-importance matrix.

Large capital projects at the back-end of the tactical or strategic plan are important but not urgent.

A planning horizon that is back-end loaded will have a less onerous proximity load as a result of a higher average remaining life of the assets.
A tactical plan with most of the projects occurring within the second half of the planning window.
Fig. A tactical plan with most of the projects occurring within the second half of the planning window.


A strategic plan with most of the projects occurring within the second half of the planning window. This is characteristic of buildings in the childhood life stage and adolescent life stages.
Fig. A strategic planning horizon with most of the capital load occurring within the second half of the window (and therefore negatively skewed). This is characteristic of buildings in the childhood life stage and adolescent life stages.


A funding scenario in which special assessments occur during the latter half of the strategic window.
Fig. A funding scenario in which special assessments occur during the latter half of the strategic window. This is characteristic of buildings in the childhood life stage and adolescent life stages.








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