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Front-End Loading
The term has two general uses:
  1. Professional fees that are higher during the initial stages of service, such as investigation and design but lower during the project execution stage.
  2. Heavy costs in the tactical planning window with fewer costs in the latter years of the strategic plan.
Front-end loading can manifest itself in various ways, including:
  • A tactical plan with negative skewness.
  • A strategic plan with negative skewness.
  • A funding model with negative skewness in terms of special assessments.

Attributes:
Front-end loading is characterized by the following general attributes:
The following building classes are generally faced with back-end loaded scenarios:

Management Challenges and Opportunities:
Front-end loading presents the owners with the following challenges and opportunities:
  • Projects that have proximity may result in special assessments since the owners do not have time to gradually raise funds. Funding is therefore lumpy rather than linear.
A planning horizon that is front-end loaded will have a more onerous proximity load as a result of shorter average remaining life.
A tactical plan with most of the projects occurring within the first half of the planning window.
Fig. A tactical plan with most of the projects occurring within the first half of the planning horizon.


A strategic planning horizon with most of the capital load occurring within the first half of the window (and therefore positively skewed)
Fig. A strategic planning horizon with most of the capital load occurring within the first half of the window (and therefore positively skewed). This is characteristic of buildings in the adulthood life stage.



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Fig. A funding model with most of the assessments occurring within the first half of the planning horizon. This is characteristic of buildings in the adulthood life stage and old-age life stage.

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